Illinois is now the 11th state to legalize the recreational use and sale of cannabis. The new law, which was signed by Governor J.B. Pritzker on Tuesday, sets in place regulations for businesses, possession limits for consumers, tax rates, and a process for expungement of records.
Adults 21 years and older can possess up to 30 grams of cannabis or five grams of concentrate. Those with medical cannabis cards can grow up to five plants for personal use.
Businesses must be properly licensed and follow strict regulations to sell cannabis products; however, local governments have the option to opt out of allowing dispensaries in their jurisdiction.
The sale of cannabis is subject to an excise tax at both the wholesale and consumer level. Municipalities and counties can also impose taxes. However, medical marijuana is exempt from all taxes.
The law also puts a process in place for those with possession offenses or manufacture/deliver offenses of 30 grams or less to be expunged by the Governor. Those convicted of crimes dealing with 30 grams or more must apply to the Prisoner Review Board for possible expungement.
Adults can begin buying and using cannabis legally staring January 1, 2020.